Tuesday, July 29, 2014

Pemikiran Tajdid Imam Waliullah al-Dihlawi





Imam Shah Waliullah Al-Dihlawi

1114 – 1176 H / 1703 – 1762M
Abad ke dua belas Hijrah merupakan abad paling malang  bagi penyebaran dakwah dan perkembangan ilmu-ilmu Islam.  Ulama dan Fuqaha dalam abad ini ramai mengambil keputusan menutup pintu ijtihad yang selama ini terbuka.  Alasan mereka ialah ketiadaan ahli yang layak serta dipercayai kemampuan mereka mereka  dalam ilmu-ilmu Islam.

Nasib pengajian Islam di pusat-pusat pengajian Islam dalam abad ini hanya terbatas pada kajian matan atau kitab-kitab yang dihasilakan oleh ulama mutakhirin yang tidak banyak membantu ufuk pemikiran pelajar .  Sebaliknya mereka lebih cenderung kepada pemikiran yang membelenggu pemikiran umat kepada amalan secara bertaqlid buta.

Menurut ramai penyeluidik, masyarakat Islam di India pada ketika itu rata-rata dijangkiti sindrom penyakit “al-Wahan” yang disebut Nabi saw dalam hadis riwayat Abu Dawud, (al-Malahim, bilangan 4297):

حُبُّ الدُّنْيَا وَكَرَاهِيَةُ الْمَوْتِ     (أبو داود: الملاحم: 4297)


Terjemahan: Cintakan dunia  dan takutkan risiko

Di tengah-tengah mendung tebal yang menyelimuti pemikiran ulama dan cendikiawan IIslam inilah lahirnya seorang pembawa obor yang  berasal dari Delihi, India, sebagai mujaddid dan reformis Islam untuk menyelamatkan umat Islam yang sekian lama menderita kerana hilang rasa cintakan Islam yang membawa kenikmatan hidup dan keadilan sejagat serta hilang keselesaan dan kepercayaan terhadap keupayaan Islam untuk menghadapi cabaran era globalisasi dan fahaman materialiasma.



Raja Muhyiddin Aurangzeb



Nama Mujaddid Islam yang kita sedang bicarakan ini ialah Hakim al-Islam Waliyullah Ahmad Syah bin `Abd al-Rahim al-Dihlawi, di lahirkan di Delhi India dari sebuah keluarga yang berilmu dan di hormati pada tahun 1202 M/1114 Hijrah. Kira-kira empat tahun sebelum wafatnya Raja Muhyiddin Aurangzeb pada tahun 1707 M /1108 Hijrah.












Pemerintah empayar moghul terakhir 
Raja Bahadur Syah II meninggal 1858M

Dalam tempoh ini empire Moghol di India hampir tumbang.  Umat Islam terpaksa menghadapi penderitaan akibat kekacauan politik yang sangat buruk dan belum pernah disaksikan dalam sejarah Negara besar seperti India sebelum ini.








Ahli-ahli sejarah telah membri isyarat yang hampir benar tenteng kekacuan politik apabila mencatatkan tempoh hayat al-Dihlawi selama 62 tahun itu sempat menyaksikan lapan orang raja Moghol naik turun takhta. 





Makam Shah Waliullah di Munhadian India

Benar apa yang dikatakan oleh Abu al-Hasan al-Nadwi, al-Dihlawi mempunyai sumbangan yang cukup besar kepada ilmu-ilmu Islam. Paling besar ialah memperkasakan pengajian Hadis dan memberi kedudukan yang sewajar dengannya, ketika umat Islam rata-rata tidak lagi memberi kepedulian mereka kepadanya.  Artikel bersambung lagi insyaAllah.

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